Stakeholders in the health sector have raised concern that Tuberculosis is still one of the top 10 causes of death in Nigeria, and stressed the need for more information and awareness to sensitize the public.
The Director, Head of Advocacy, and Social Mobilization of the National Tuberculosis and Leprosy Control Programme, Mrs Itohowo Uko, disclosed that the knowledge gap about Tuberculosis is still very low, and a large number of people are not aware about the ailment .
” People still end up using traditional alternative in treating Tuberculosis. Many Nigerians still believe that TB is not real, and hence do not take the necessary measures”.
Speaking further, she noted that the advent of COVID-19 pandemic has placed limitations on the treatment of TB.
“Some health workers are reluctant to handle samples of TB for testing because of the similarities in the symptoms of TB and COVID-19.
They end up not giving attention to the patient. Some of the TB patients were stigmatized during the pandemic, as they were being assumed to be down with COVID -19″.
She assured the public that several plans were being put in place to develop materials to ascertain the difference between COVID-19 and Tuberculosis.
Similarly, she charged media practitioners to engage in massive sensitization about Tuberculosis.
“The media need to beam their searchlight on Tuberculosis awareness.They should disseminate information to the public space such that more citizens will become aware of the ailment ” .
The Chairman of the Board of Stop TB Partnership Nigeria, Dr. Ayodele Awe, noted that awareness about Tuberculosis is still very low in the country, despite the fact that Nigeria has the highest tuberculosis burden in Africa.
He added that there is wrong misconception about Tuberculosis in the public domain.
He further charged the patient to give the right information about their situation, and also task health practitioners to ask the right question, and also update the details of their patients to prevent wrong diagnosis.
The Deputy Director, Health Orientation and Communication, National Orientation Agency (NOA), Dr Ayoola Olufemi, said there is need for stakeholders to see Tuberculosis as an emergency, and also deplore more resources to carry out assessment among the vulnerable.
“We need to look at the strategy that was used for COVID-19 which is emergency risk communications. We need to build effective communications and utilize multiple channels to pass message across to people”.
He explained that Communications for attitudinal change must be continuos and the approach must be dynamic.
” We need human angle stories that will bring pictures of people suffering from Tuberculosis. We need to develop behavioural change materials in different languages so as to sensitize the public about the ailment”.